Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibits discrimination based on “race, color, or national origin … under any program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance.” The law explicitly applies to intentional discrimination. However, in some cases, organizations that fail to act on reports of discrimination can also be found in violation of the law. Also prohibited is the unequal treatment of people due to something called “disparate impact”. The language of the statute uses multiple terms for the same thing—race. People and organization that discriminate often use skin color, ethnicity, accent, country of birth, and immigrant status as markers of racial identity—and as a sign that equal treatment is not deserved. The people who wrote Title VI wanted to make it clear that using such markers of race could not be cited as loopholes for not complying with the law.